The Islamic Republic of Pakistan came into being as an independent state on August 14, 1947. It was the result of the Muslim freedom movement under the inspiring leadership of Quaid-e-Azam Mohammad Ali Jinnah.
Pakistan displays some of Asia’s most magnificent landscapes as it stretches from the Arabian Sea, its southern border, to some of the world’s most spectacular mountain ranges in the north. Pakistan is also home to sites that date back to word’s earliest settlements rivaling those of ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia.
Located in South Asia, Pakistan shares an eastern border with India and a north-eastern border with China. Iran makes up the country’s south-west border, and Afghanistan runs along its western and northern edge. The Arabian Sea is Pakistan’s southern boundary with 1,064 km of coastline.
The country has a total area of 796,095 sq km and is nearly four times the size of the United Kingdom. From Gwadar Bay in its south-eastern corner, the country extends more than 1,800 km to the Khunjerab Pass on China’s border.
Pakistan is divided into four provinces viz., North West Frontier Province (NWFP), Punjab, Sindh and Balochistan. The tribal belt adjoining NWFP is managed by the Federal Government and is named FATA i.e., Federally Administered Tribal Areas. Azad Kashmir and Northern Areas have their own respective political and administrative machinery, yet certain of their subjects are taken care of by the Federal Government through the Ministry of Kashmir Affairs and Northern Areas. Provinces of Pakistan are further divided into Districts.
Pakistan is a land of many splendors. The scenery changes northward from coastal beaches, lagoons and mangrove swamps in the south to sandy deserts, desolate plateaus, fertile plains, dissected upland in the middle and high mountains with beautiful valleys, snow-covered peaks and eternal glaciers in the north.
K-2 (8611m): It is the second highest mountain the world. It was first attempted by Martin Conway’s expedition in 1902 which was composed of British, Austrian and Swiss climbers. Ashraf Aman was the first Pakistani climber to climb on top of K-2 with five other climbers of the Jap-Pak expedition in 1977, with Ichire Yoshizawa as its leader and Isao Shinkai as the technical leader.
|Official Name||Islamic Republic of Pakistan|
|Father of the Nation||Quaid-i-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah (1876-1948)|
|National Poet||Allama Muhammad Iqbal (1877-1938)|
|Tourist’s resorts||Murree, Quetta, Hunza, Ziarat, Swat, Kaghan, Chitral and Gilgit|
|Archaeological sites||Moenjo Daro, Harappa, Taxila, Kot Diji, Mehr Garh, Takht Bhai|
|Major Cities||Islamabad, Karachi, Lahore, Peshawar, Quetta, Rawalpindi,
Hyderabad, Faisalabad, Multan and Sialkot
|Famous Mountain Peaks||Height||World Rating|
|K-2 (Chagori)||8616 m||2nd|
|Nanga Parbat||8125 m||8th|
|Broad Peak||8065 m||12th|
The four well-marked seasons in Pakistan are:-
- Cold Season (December to March)
- Hot Season (April to June)
- Monsoon Season (July to September)
- Post-Monsoon Season (October and November)
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